AUTAR KAW

2012 U.S. Professor of the Year

 

 

 

Professor, OCW advocate, socio-economic diversity champion, one-pony pedagogy assailant, UDL believer, replicating education-research studies supporter.

 

 

 

Research


RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

 

Professor Kaw's main scholarly interests are in engineering education research, flipped classrooms, open courseware development, bascule bridge design, fracture mechanics, composite materials, computational nanomechanics, and the state and future of higher education. His research has been funded by National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Florida Department of Transportation, Research and Development Laboratories, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, and Montgomery Tank Lines.

 

Since 2002, under Professor Kaw's leadership, he and his colleagues from around the nation have developed, implemented, refined and assessed online resources for open courseware in Numerical Methods (http://nm.MathForCollege.com). This courseware annually receives more than a million page views, 900,000 views of the YouTube lectures and 150,000 annual visitors to the "numerical methods guy" blog. Professor Kaw's has written more than 80 refereed technical papers and his opinion editorials have appeared in the St. Petersburg Times and Tampa Tribune.

Educational Research

  • How do you like your class - Semi-Flipped or Blended? (Abstract)

  • Comparing Different Formats of a Final Exam for a Numerical Methods Course (Abstract)

  • A Holistic View on History, Development, Assessment, And Future of an Open Courseware in Numerical Methods (Abstract).

  • Development and Assessment of Digital Audiovisual YouTube Lectures for an Engineering Course In Numerical Methods (Abstract )

  • Measuring Student Learning Using Initial and Final Concept Test in a STEM Course (Abstract)

  • Does Grading HW Improve Examination Performance? (Abstract )

  • Effect of Endless Quizzes on Examination Performance. (Abstract )

  • Introducing and Assessing Laboratory Experience in a Numerical Methods Course for Engineers (Abstract)

  • Problem-Centered Approach in a Course in Numerical Methods (Abstract)

  • Comparing Modalities of Teaching a Module in Numerical Methods (Abstract)


Composite Materials Research

  • A Better Body Armor (Article & Slide Show)

  • Indentation Test for Composite Materials Revisited (Abstract )

  • Thermo-mechanical Beam Element for Analyzing Stresses in Functionally Graded Materials (Abstract)

  • Optimizing Specific Strength of Infused Fiber Reinforced Sandwich Composites (Abstract)

  • How does Interphase Modeling Affect Nanoindentation Test Results? (Abstract)

  • Is Crack Propagation in Composite Materials Independent of Fiber Volume Fraction? (Abstract )


Bridge Design Research

  • Evaluating different assembly procedures of trunnion-hub-girder assembly (Abstract

  • How does geometry affect successful (no cracking) trunnion-hub-girder assembly procedure?  (Abstract ). 

  • Does step-cooling make trunnion-hub-girder assembly procedure fail-safe? (Abstract )

  • The thermal expansion of a hole in irregular geometries. 


Sports Analytics

  • A metric to quantify topsy-turvyness of a college football season (Site)

 


Collaborative & Co-Investigator Research

  • Evaluation of LuGre Tire Friction Model with Measured Data on Multiple Pavement Surfaces ( Abstract )

  • Predicting Academic Performance (Abstract). 


GRANTS

"Transforming a Flipped STEM Course Through Adaptive Learning", National Science Foundation, $299,823, September 2016 August 2018 (PI).

"Improving and Assessing Student Learning in an Inverted STEM Classroom Setting", National Science Foundation, $598,522, September 2013-August 2016 (PI).

Collaborative Research: Development of New Prototype Tools, and Adaptation and Implementation of Current Resources for a Course in Numerical Methods, National Science Foundation, $150,000, February 2009- July 2011 (Co-PI).

"Holistic Numerical Methods: Unabridged", National Science Foundation, $500,189, January 2008-December 2012 (PI)

"Holistic Numerical Methods", National Science Foundation, $363,280, February 2004-March 2007 (PI).

"Hub Assemblies for the Next Generation of Bascule Bridges", US Department of Transportation, $73,650, October 2004-September 2005 (Co-PI).

"Holistic Numerical Methods: A Prototype", National Science Foundation, $74,961, January 2002- May 2003 (PI).

"Hub-Girder Bolt Assembly Without An Interference Fit in Bascule Bridges", Florida Department of Transportation, $110,000, November 2001 -August 2003 (Co-PI).

Parametric Finite Element Analysis and Full Scale Testing of Trunnion Hub Assemblies for Bascule Bridges, FDOT, $250,000, September 1998 - June 2001 (Co-PI).

"Acquisition of an Axial-Torsional Loading System for Civil, Mechanical and Materials Testing", National Science Foundation, $166,240, October 1999 - April 2001 (Co-PI).

Mechanics of Brittle Matrix Composites with Imperfect Interfaces, AFOSR, $108,319, July 1995- August 1997 (PI).

Development of User Interfaces for Numerical Techniques for Stress Analysis of Laminated Composite Materials, AFOSR, $50,000, September 1994 - June 1995 (PI).

Micromechanics of Matrix Cracking in Brittle Matrix Composites with Frictional Interfaces," Summer Research Extension Program, RDL/AFOSR, $20,000, January 1993 - December 1993 (PI).

Mechanics of Brittle Matrix Composites with Imperfect Interfaces, AFOSR, $93,211, September 1992 - September 1994 (PI).

Annular Cracks In Brittle Matrix Composites," Systran Corporation/WPAFB, Dayton, Ohio, $14,100, May 91 - August 1991 (PI).

"Design and Analysis of Stainless Steel Tanks," Montgomery Tank Lines, Plant City, Florida, $27,653, October 89 - May 90 (Co-PI).

Journal Articles

 
  1. R. Clark, A. Kaw, M. Besterfield-Sacre, "Comparing the Effectiveness of Blended, Semi-Flipped, and Flipped Formats in an Engineering Numerical Methods Course", ASEE Advances in Engineering Education, pp. 1-38, Vol. 5, 2016.

  2. G. AdenBuie, A. Kaw, A. Yalcin, "Comparison of final examination formats in a numerical methods course", International Journal of Engineering Education, pp. 72-82, Vol. 31, 2015.

  3. S.H. Garapati, A.Kaw, "Analysis of Heating and Cooling Methods for Assembly of Steel Fulcra in Bascule Bridges", Bridge Structures, pp. 121-133, Vol. 8, 2012.

  4. A. Kaw, A. Yalcin, D. Nguyen, R. Pendyala, M. Hess, G. Lee-Thomas, G. Besterfield, J. Eison, C. Owens, “A Holistic View on History, Development, Assessment, and Future of an Open Courseware in Numerical Methods”, ASEE Computers in Education Journal, Vol 3(4), pp. 57-71, 2012.

  5. C. Owens, A. Kaw, M. Hess, "Assessing Online Resources for an Engineering Course", Computer Applications in Engineering Education, pp. 426-433, Vol. 20(3), 2012.

  6. A. Kaw, A. Yalcin, "Measuring Student Learning Using Initial and Final Concept Test in a STEM Course", International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, pp. 435-448, Vol 43(4), 2012.

  7. A. Yalcin, A. Kaw, "Does Grading Homework Improve Student Examination Performance?", International Journal of Engineering Education, pp. 1333-1342, Vol 27(6), 2011.

  8. S. Garapati, L. Snyder, A. Kaw, "Comparing Two Procedures for Assembling Steel Fulcra in Simple-Trunnion Bascule Bridges", Bridge Structures, pp. 19-30, Vol 7(1), 2011.

  9. S. Garapati, A. Kaw, "Effect of Geometry, Loading and Elastic Moduli on Critical Parameters in a Nanoindentation Test in Polymeric Matrix Composites with a Nonhomogeneous Interphase", Composite Interfaces, pp. 275–294, Vol. 18, 2011. 

  10. A. Kaw, S. Garapati, "Development and Assessment of Digital Audiovisual YouTube Lectures for an Engineering Course In Numerical Methods", ASEE Computers in Education Journal, pp. 89-97, Vol. 2 (2), 2011.

  11. E. Gil-Herrrera, A. Tsalatsanis, A. Yalcin, A. Kaw, "Predicting Academic Performance Using a Rough Set Theory Based Knowledge Discovery Methodology", International Journal of Engineering Education, pp. 992-1002, Vol. 27 (5), 2011.

  12. M. Rajapakshe, M. Gunaratne, A. Kaw, "Evaluation of LuGre Tire Friction Model with Measured Data on Multiple Pavement Surfaces," Tire Science and Technology, TSTCA, Vol. 38, No. 3, pp. 213-227, 2010.

  13. A. Kaw, A. Yalcin, "A Metric to Quantify the Topsy-Turvyness of a College Football Season", Chance (An American Statistical Association Magazine), pp. 18-26, Vol. 22(3), 2009. (More info)

  14. A. Kaw, A. Yalcin, B. DeMenezes, E. Allard, "Introducing and Assessing Laboratory Experience in a Numerical Methods Course for Engineers", ASEE Computers in Education Journal, pp. 57-65, Vol. XVIIII (3), 2009.

  15. A.K. Kaw, A.Yalcin, "Problem-Centered Approach in a Course in Numerical Methods", ASCE Journal of Professional Issues and Engineering Education, pp. 359-364, Vol. 134(4), 2008.

  16. C. Nguyen, A.K. Kaw, J. Paul, "Sensitivity Analysis of Cooling Methods and Geometric Parameters in Assembly Procedure of Bascule Bridge Fulcrums", The Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design, pp.  337-349, Vol. 42, (2007).

  17. P. Chalasani, A.K. Kaw, J. Daly, C. Nguyen "Effect of Geometrical and Material Parameters in Nanoindentation of Layered Materials with an Interphase", International Journal of Solids and Structures, pp. 5380-5395, Vol. 44 (16), (2007).

  18. A.K. Kaw, M. Hess, "Comparing Effectiveness of Instructional Delivery Modalities in an Engineering Course", International Journal of Engineering Education, pp. 508-516, Vol. 23(3), (2007).

  19. A.K. Kaw and S. Ho, "Introducing Approximate Methods in Theory of Elasticity", Computer Applications for Engineering Education, pp. 120-134, Vol. 14 (2), (2006).

  20. N. Collier, A.K. Kaw, G.H. Besterfield, M. Rahman, "Benefits of Staged Cooling of Composite Cylinders in Shrink Fitting", The Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design, pp. 349-361, Vol. 41 (5), (2006).

  21. A.K. Kaw, G.H. Besterfield, J. Eison, "Effectiveness of a Holistic & Customized Approach to Teaching Numerical Methods", International Journal of Engineering Education, pp. 712-722, Vol. 21 (4), 2005. 

  22. A.K. Kaw, "Techniques Employed by Highly Effective Engineering Educators", ASCE Journal of Professional Issues and Engineering Education, pp. 175-177, Vol. 131 (3), (2005).

  23. A.K. Kaw, G.H. Besterfield and S. Nichani, "Integrating a Research Problem in a Course in Applied Elasticity", International Journal of Mechanical Engineering Education, pp. 232-242, Vol. 32 (3), (2004). 

  24. N. Collier, A.K. Kaw, "On Comparing Computational Systems � Maple, Mathcad, Matlab, and Mathematica", ASEE Computers in Education Journal, pp. 12-24, Vol. XIV (1), (2004). 

  25. A.K. Kaw, N. Collier, M. Keteltas, J. Paul, G.H. Besterfield, "Holistic but customized resources for a course in numerical methods", Computer Applications for Engineering Education, pp. 203-210, Vol. 11, (2003).

  26. G.H. Besterfield, A.K. Kaw, S. Nichani, B. Ratnam, T. Cherukara, M. Denninger "Assembly Procedures of a Trunnion-Hub-Girder for Bascule Bridges",  Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, Vol 40, No 2, pp. 123-134, (2003).

  27. G.H. Besterfield, S. Nichani, A.K. Kaw, T. Eason, "Full-Scale Testing of Trunnion-Hub-Girder Assemblies for Bascule Bridges", ASCE Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol. 8, No 4., pp. (2003).

  28. N. Pai, A.K. Kaw and M. Weng, "Optimization of Laminate Stacking Sequence for Failure Load Maximization Using Tabu Search", Composites Part B , Vol. 34, No. 1, pp 405-413, (2003).

  29. J. Ye and A.K. Kaw, "Determination of Mechanical Properties of Fiber-Matrix Interface from Pushout Test", Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, Vol. 32, No 1, pp 15-25, (1999).

  30. A.K. Kaw and R. Rodriguez, "Synthesis of Tools in Teaching a Course in Mechanics of Composite Materials", Mechanics, Vol. 27, No. 11, pp. 5-12, (1998).

  31. A.K. Kaw and G. Willenbring, "A Software Tool for Mechanics of Composite Materials", International Journal of Engineering Education, Vol. 13, No. 6, pp. 433-481, (1998).

  32. T. Srinath, H. Madanraj, A.K. Kaw, J. Ye and G.H. Besterfield, "Effect of Extrinsic and Intrinsic Factors in Indentation Tests," International Journal of Solids and Structures, Vol. 33, No. 24, pp. 3497-3516 (1996).

  33. A.K. Kaw and M. Daniels, "Should We Continue to Debate over the Change to SI System?," ASCE Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, Vol. 122, No. 2, pp. 69-72 (1996).

  34. N.J. Pagano and A.K. Kaw, "Asymptotic Stresses Around a Crack Tip at the Interface Between Planar or Cylindrical Bodies," International Journal of Fracture, Vol. 71, No. 2, pp. 151-164, (1995).

  35. A.K. Kaw, S. Kunchithpatham, N.J. Pagano, "Stress Field in a Composite Cylinder with a Friction Fiber-Matrix Interface," International Journal of Solids and Structures, Vol. 32, No. 15, pp. 2127-2154, (1995).

  36. V.T. Bechel and A.K. Kaw, "Fracture Mechanics of Composites with Nonhomogeneous Interphases and Nondilute Fiber Volume Fractions," International Journal of Solids and Structures, Vol. 31, No. 15, pp. 2053-2070, (1994).

  37. A.K. Kaw and J. Ye, "Comparison of Fracture Mechanics Models with Axisymmetric and Planar Assumptions," Composites Engineering Journal, Vol. 4, No. 6, pp. 621-636, (1994).

  38. A.K. Kaw and D. Jadhav, "Axisymmetric Elastic Response of a Composite Cylinder with a Broken Fiber", Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, Vol. 21, pp. 197-206, (1994).

  39. V. Bechel and A.K. Kaw, "On Using a Symbolic Manipulator in Teaching Classical Elasticity," ASEE Computers in Education Journal, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 55-59, (1994).

  40. A.K. Kaw and N.J. Pagano, "Axisymmetric Thermoelastic Response of a Composite Cylinder Containing an Annular Crack", Journal of Composite Materials, Vol. 23, No. 6, pp. 540-571, (1993).

  41. A.K. Kaw and K.S. Gadi, "Mechanics of Fiber-Reinforced Composites with Doubly Periodic Cracks," Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 173-182, (1993). 

  42. A.K. Kaw, D. Jadhav, G. Sudhakar, "On Solving Crack Problems in Fiber Reinforced Composites by Symbolic Manipulations," Advances in Engineering Software and Workstations, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 31-36, (1993).

  43. A.K. Kaw and G.H. Besterfield, "Periodic Matrix Cracking in Brittle Matrix Composites," International Journal of Solids and Structures, Vol. 29, No. 10, pp. 1193-1207, (1992).

  44. A.K. Kaw, A. Selvarathinam and G.H. Besterfield, "Comparison of Interphase Models for a Crack in Fiber Reinforced Composites," Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, Vol. 17, pp. 133-147, (1992).

  45. A.K. Kaw, "Numerical Solutions of Strong Integrals in Hadamard's Sense," IMSL Directions, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 8-9, (1992).

  46. A.K. Kaw, "An Instructional Interactive Aid for Mechanics of Composites," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering Education, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 213-229 (1992).

  47. A.K. Kaw and G.H. Besterfield, "Effect of Interphases on Mechanical Behavior of Composites," ASCE Journal of Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 117, No. 11, pp. 2641-2658, (1991).

  48. A.K. Kaw and V.G. Das, "A Crack in an Imperfect Interface in Composites," Mechanics of Materials, Vol. 11, pp. 295-322, (1991).

  49. A.K. Kaw and J.G. Goree, "The Semi-Infinite Strip Problem in Mechanics of Composites," ASTM Journal of Composite Technology and Research, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 65-77, (1991).

  50. A.K. Kaw, "Cauchy Singular Integral Equations with Logarithmic Singular Integrands in Solid Mechanics," Mechanics Research Communications, Vol. 18, No.5, pp. 261-268, (1991).

  51. A.K. Kaw, "On Evaluating Integrals with Strongly Singular Integrands," Advances in Engineering Software and Workstations, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 84-103, (1991).

  52. A.K. Kaw and J.G. Goree, "The Effect of Interleaves on Fracture of Laminated Composites: Part I - Analysis," ASME Journal of Applied Mechanics, Vol. 57, No. 1, pp. 168-174, (1990).

  53. A.K. Kaw and J.G. Goree, "The Effect of Interleaves on Fracture of Laminated Composites: Part II - Solution and Results," ASME Journal of Applied Mechanics, Vol. 57, No. 1, pp. 175-181, (1990

  54. A.K. Kaw, "Some Simple Tools to Develop Educational Software," The Quickbasic Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 23-29, (1990).

  55. A.K. Kaw and J.G. Goree, "Analysis of Notched Laminates with Interlaminar Debonding," Journal of Engineering Fracture Mechanics, Vol. 22, No. 6, pp. 1013-1029, (1985).